The Fruits of Independence: Slovenia’s Soaring Wine Lifestyle
As a former part of Yugoslavia, Slovenia has developed into a confident and independent republic that has successfully adapted and embraced Europe and the bounty that comes with this alliance. It enjoys a favorable position at the intersection of several cultural and social traditions, namely Hungary, Italy, and Austria. Being surrounded by these neighboring countries to the north, east, and west has been highly beneficial to the republic, and combined with its western-facing attitude and inclusion in the European Union, it is of little wonder that Slovenia has emerged as a strong political and economic identity. It barely shows signs of slowing down.
Additionally, Slovenia’s gorgeous and unspoiled countryside, which spans the Adriatic coast and continues on to the Alpine slopes, has made the nation a buzz-worthy tourist destination. Apart from holiday activities, however, visitors to this beautiful country can also enjoy the local vineyards’ high-class vintage, products of almost two millennia’s worth of refinement. Slovenia can trace its winemaking history as far back as the time of the Celtic and Illyrian tribes, dating back to the 4th century.
Join us, at Singapore Wine Vault, in a tour of Slovenia’s dynamic wine industry.
Weathering the Wars
Slovenia went through a number of wars and political turmoil, with various rulers trying to take over the country. Despite this challenge, its wine industry remained consistent amid wars and fighting over the past centuries. Dating back to the Roman period, between the 4th and 5th centuries B.C., Celtic and Illyrian tribes started cultivating vines to produce wines. Then, during the Middle Ages, the Christian Church overtook the production by making use of monasteries. Cultivation grew widespread through the opening of private wineries when the Austro-Hungarian Empire started its rule. However, Slovenia’s wine industry experienced a dark period at the beginning of Yugoslavia’s leadership, which marked the fall of the empire.
Meanwhile, wine quality continued to drop after World War II, when cooperatives took over the production which led to the inferior-quality, bulk production of wine. Slovenian viticulture finally experienced a revival when the republic gained its independence in 1991. From that point on, the country took advantage of its strong ties to the West to reinvigorate its winemaking industry, and it has continued to gain global recognition since.
The Main Wine Districts
Though it is mainly described as sub-Mediterranean, the climate in Slovenia is not easy to categorize. Its topography lends an unpredictable quality to its weather. These variations, however, provide winemakers a lot of options when choosing locations for their vineyards.
There are around 28,400 wineries in the central European country, producing about 90 million liters annually. Though white wine accounts for 75% of the total production, reds are also popular among wine consumers. Grape varieties are also influenced by foreign wine cultures such as Italian, German, and French.
Slovenia has three main wine regions:
Considered the most popular wine region in the country, the Slovenian Littoral consists of four districts: the Brda, the Koper, the Karst, and the Vipava Balley. It was The Littoral that first pushed for higher wine quality. They cultivated a range of varieties, including Merlot, Chadonnay, Pinot Gris, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Sauvignon Blanc. In addition, Brda specializes in Rebula white wine and Merlot-Cabernet blends, while Koper mostly grows Refosco and Malvazija grapes. Teran wine style is popular in Karst as white wines from Pineal and Zelen grapes dominate Vipava Valley’s wine storage facility.
Lower Sava Valley
In this region, reds dominate whites by a slim margin. Its White Carniola district is famous for its red vintage. Meanwhile, Lower Carniola produces Cvicek which combines red and white wine grapes. Lastly, the Bizeljsko-Brezice district is widely known for sparkling and acidic white wines made from Rumeni Plavec grapes. Aside from these, there are also other grapes grown in the region, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Gamay, Modri Pinot, Sipon, and Traminec.
This region hosts the Radgona-Kapela district, which was the first to make sparkling wine using méthode champenoise way back in 1852. Not only is it the largest wine region in Slevina, Drava Valley is also the production center of white wines made from Diseci Traminec, Ranina, Chasselas, Kerner, Portugalka, and Ranfol, among others.
With its combination of first-rate vintage, luscious countryside, and a firm national identity bolstered by modern European attitudes, it’s obvious that the country will find it easy to succeed in its goal to promote the region as a premium wine destination. Fairs, festivities, gastronomic presentations, and workshops await wine aficionados and adventurers especially during autumn and spring – the best seasons to visit the country’s wine regions. As a whole, Slovenia is proving to be an ambitious republic focused on taking a firm spot on the global stage, and by all accounts, it is brilliantly succeeding.